How to Conduct an Ethics Assessment of AI in Policing

Crucially, ethical scrutiny must engage all aspects of the policing context. The context for adopting AI is neither solely technical nor solely societal in importance; it is a socio-technical interaction whereby technological systems (law enforcement or safeguarding) are designed by humans (developers) for humans (police) with an impact on individuals (citizens, residents, suspects, victims) and […]

Data augmentation for fairness-aware machine learning: Preventing algorithmic bias in law enforcement systems

Researchers and practitioners in the fairness community have highlighted the ethical and legal challenges of using biased datasets in data-driven systems, with algorithmic bias being a major concern. Despite the rapidly growing body of literature on fairness in algorithmic decision-making, there remains a paucity of fairness scholarship on machine learning algorithms for the real-time detection […]

Human intervention and human oversight in the GDPR and AI Act

Differences and Practical Challenges The GDPR introduced the notion of ‘human intervention’ as a way to prevent, in certain circumstances, decision-making based solely on automated means. The forthcoming AI proposal for a Regulation (“AI Act”) uses the term ‘human oversight’ and sets out certain obligations. For instance, in December 2021, the European Committee of the […]

Googles decides to make easier to Reject All 

Google on laptop

Recently, Google announced its plans to introduce a “Reject All” option within its famous cookie banner. The decision was appreciated by the Information Commissioners Office, by observing this to be a change that was long awaited to improve not only the user interaction, but also the compliance aspects. The ICO in its statement was also […]

The DPC’s new approach to addressing personal data breach notifications 

Data Breach

The Data Protection Commission Ireland, in its Annual Report 2021, announced a changed approach towards handling data breach notifications. The report explains that the focus of DPC will shift towards enforcement rather than the current approach that prioritises communication and conciliation with data controllers to assist mitigating the impacts of data breaches on the controllers […]

Transparency while processing Children’s personal data

Transparency is a key obligation for any data processor to discharge while processing personal data. The same has been mentioned within Article 5(a) of the GDPR. Recently, documents filed in the UK Courts have accused TikTok, a popular social media platform, of processing children’s personal data without meeting transparency obligations or seeking consent as required […]

Analysing the human-factor aspects of cybersecurity

Human Factor Aspects of Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity has become increasingly important across organisations, departments and teams. However, effective cyber-security requires both technical and organisational measures to reduce risks to organisations and the clients they serve. Furthermore, attacks on many types of critical infrastructure service providers, such as financial, healthcare or public institutions, could result in serious economic and societal repercussions.  An […]

EDPB issues new guidelines on Codes of Conduct as tools for transfers

Under Article 46 of the GDPR, Controllers and Processors must implement appropriate safeguards for transfers of personal data to third countries or to international organisations.  Where the European Commission has not determined a third country as having adequate protection, there are several mechanisms available to achieve this end. The most utilised of these are Standard […]