Google’s DeepMind faces legal action over UK patient data use

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Google is the latest tech company in the spotlight over large-scale processing of sensitive data. Law firm Mischcon de Reya is bringing representative action on behalf of over 1.6 million patients of the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust whose information was processed by Google’s AI firm DeepMind. This follows an investigation by the ICO […]

A lesson in transparency leads to a record fine under the GDPR for WhatsApp

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WhatsApp has experienced significant backlash in regard to compliance with its transparency obligations under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and on 2 September 2021, the DPC imposed a fine of €225 million. In this article, we consider the nature of the inquiry, the challenges the DPC received from its European counterparts and the reasons […]

Training on human trafficking: a component of the human security operationalisation framework


Research and our own experience show that whilst those working in defence are typically well positioned to help better understand how human trafficking manifests itself in conflict, they do not fully understand what human trafficking truly entails and/or what their role is vis-à-vis that crime. Acknowledging this gap, Royal Marines Commandos invited Trilateral Research to […]

The UK is set to diverge from the GDPR

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On 9 September 2020, the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) published its National Data Strategy, which included: “responsible data” as a core pillar and an associated “securing a pro-growth and trusted data regime” priority mission. This included a June 2021 Taskforce on Innovation, Growth and Regulatory Reform (TIGRR) proposal to: “replace the […]

Ethical Responsibility in Space Exploration

The ethical questions arising in the context of current and future space travel and exploration are as abundant as they are complex (Schwartz and Milligan 2016). This is owing to both the increasing number of technological possibilities opening opportunities for human exploration and exploitation of space, other planets and asteroids in addition to the myriad […]

GDPR fines may be susceptible to significant reductions upon appeal

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The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) substantially increased the amount that data protection authorities (DPAs) are empowered to fine organisations, to €20m or 4% of worldwide annual turnover. The UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has issued a limited number of fines for data protection breaches in the first 5 years of the UK GDPR. It […]

Transfer Impact Assessments: a new normal in international data protection?

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The extra-territorial effect of the GDPR (both EU and UK) provides that the rules protecting personal data in the EU apply regardless of where personal data is being processed. EU and UK citizens and residents can therefore be sure that they enjoy the same level of data protection regardless of the nationality or establishment of […]