EDPS Opinion on Information Security Proposal

The Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the information security in the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union (EUIs)[1] suggest developing a set of standards and rules regarding information security that EUIs will need to adhere to. These aim to firstly, facilitate the interoperability of information classification […]

How to Conduct an Ethics Assessment of AI in Policing

Crucially, ethical scrutiny must engage all aspects of the policing context. The context for adopting AI is neither solely technical nor solely societal in importance; it is a socio-technical interaction whereby technological systems (law enforcement or safeguarding) are designed by humans (developers) for humans (police) with an impact on individuals (citizens, residents, suspects, victims) and […]

Human intervention and human oversight in the GDPR and AI Act

Differences and Practical Challenges The GDPR introduced the notion of ‘human intervention’ as a way to prevent, in certain circumstances, decision-making based solely on automated means. The forthcoming AI proposal for a Regulation (“AI Act”) uses the term ‘human oversight’ and sets out certain obligations. For instance, in December 2021, the European Committee of the […]

Googles decides to make easier to Reject All 

Google on laptop

Recently, Google announced its plans to introduce a “Reject All” option within its famous cookie banner. The decision was appreciated by the Information Commissioners Office, by observing this to be a change that was long awaited to improve not only the user interaction, but also the compliance aspects. The ICO in its statement was also […]

The DPC’s new approach to addressing personal data breach notifications 

Data Breach

The Data Protection Commission Ireland, in its Annual Report 2021, announced a changed approach towards handling data breach notifications. The report explains that the focus of DPC will shift towards enforcement rather than the current approach that prioritises communication and conciliation with data controllers to assist mitigating the impacts of data breaches on the controllers […]

ICO and DPC Guidance Regarding Children’s Data and the Services aimed at Children

AdobeStock 396682798

Information Commissioners Office of the UK and the Data Protection Commission of Ireland recognise the special need for protecting the children and children’s data, including in the context of concerns around such data being used for various commercial purposes. Based on the principles of the GDPR, both authorities issued their guidance or set of standards […]

Thinking AI with a Hammer. Kate Crawford’s Atlas of AI

Kate Crawford’s recent book Atlas of AI (2021) debunks the many myths that surround the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) today. It is a very timely and much-needed book, as experts and policymakers are currently engaged in many initiatives and discussions to regulate AI. Proper and effective governance of this technology will only be possible if it is […]

Pulling In and Pushing Out: Crowdfunding Regulation and Financial Inclusion in Mexico

AdobeStock 226584536

Financial technologies (FinTech) promise to democratize financial services by lowering the threshold for access and including marginalized communities who have traditionally been neglected as potential customers. The honorable goal is luring policymakers towards FinTech to increase rates financial of inclusion. However, before hopes are fully placed on technology, it is important to consider how these […]

Google’s DeepMind faces legal action over UK patient data use

Cropped mind image

Google is the latest tech company in the spotlight over large-scale processing of sensitive data. Law firm Mischcon de Reya is bringing representative action on behalf of over 1.6 million patients of the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust whose information was processed by Google’s AI firm DeepMind. This follows an investigation by the ICO […]

AI in Medicine: A View from Philosophy and Ethics

This chapter explores AI in medicine through a philosophical and ethical lens. This includes an examination of how AI impacts on medicine in terms of uses and promises, limitations, and risks, as well as key questions to consider. While AI offers scope for complex and large-scale data processing, with the promise of an increase in […]