AI in Medicine: A View from Philosophy and Ethics

This chapter explores AI in medicine through a philosophical and ethical lens. This includes an examination of how AI impacts on medicine in terms of uses and promises, limitations, and risks, as well as key questions to consider. While AI offers scope for complex and large-scale data processing, with the promise of an increase in […]

Ethical Responsibility in Space Exploration

The ethical questions arising in the context of current and future space travel and exploration are as abundant as they are complex (Schwartz and Milligan 2016). This is owing to both the increasing number of technological possibilities opening opportunities for human exploration and exploitation of space, other planets and asteroids in addition to the myriad […]

GDPR fines may be susceptible to significant reductions upon appeal

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The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) substantially increased the amount that data protection authorities (DPAs) are empowered to fine organisations, to €20m or 4% of worldwide annual turnover. The UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) has issued a limited number of fines for data protection breaches in the first 5 years of the UK GDPR. It […]

Legal and human rights issues of AI: Gaps, challenges and vulnerabilities

Trilateral carried out research on the legal and human rights issues of artificial intelligence (AI) – gaps and challenges, and affected human rights principles. Such issues include algorithmic transparency, cybersecurity vulnerabilities, unfairness, bias and discrimination, lack of contestability, legal personhood issues, intellectual property issues, adverse effects on workers, privacy and data protection issues, liability for […]

Keeping AI ethics agile and alive

‘Ethics’ in the current AI ethics field is often trapped in an ‘ethical principles’ approach and as such particularly prone to manipulation, especially by industry actors. Using ethics as a substitute for law risks its abuse and misuse. This significantly limits what ethics can achieve and is a great loss to the AI field and […]

Cookie Guidance – Data Protection Authorities publish update

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Data Protection Authorities including the ICO and the Irish Data Protection Commission have recently released updated cookie guidance and CNIL, the French Data Protection Authority, have released updated guidelines, repealing their 2013 guidelines which suggested that a valid form of consent to cookies included the action of a user continuing to navigate a website – […]

Annual Report on the cost of data breaches from the Ponemon Institute

cost of data breaches

One of the major concerns for any organisation processing personal data is the handling of data breaches. The legislation defines these as breaches of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data. Given the breadth of the definition and the difficulty of protecting against human […]

Improving compliance: Trilateral’s DPO Assist service

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Many organisations have already recognised the need to appoint specialist personnel to ensure they are meeting their obligations in relation to the protection of personal data. For example, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) requires many types of organisations to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) to ensure effective and appropriate internal measures. There are […]