Harmonising European cybersecurity strategies to tackle cybercrime

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Cybersecurity strategies


Krzysztof Garstka | Senior Research Analyst
Richa Kumar | Senior Research Analyst

Date: 25 March 2021

Cybercrime is a complex and dynamically evolving form of transnational crime which is causing enormous economic and social harm to our world. Due to its transnational nature and complexity, combatting cybercriminality greatly depends on developing a coordinated and harmonised approach to cybersecurity strategies and cybercriminality policies across European borders.

Trilateral coordinates the H2020 CC-DRIVER project which aims to better understand the human and technical drivers of cybercriminality with a special focus on the factors that lead young people to cybercrime.

CC-DRIVER’s research on cybercrime-as-a-service, juvenile cyber delinquency and criminality will be translated into innovative investigation, prevention and policy toolkits that law enforcement agencies (LEAs), policymakers and others can use to counteract cybercriminality. Trilateral assesses the ethical, legal, and data protection risks and impacts that are relevant for the development and deployment of these tools and contributes to policy advice on cybercrime legislation.

The policy toolkit

The aim of the CC-DRIVER policy toolkit is to support the harmonisation of cybercrime legislation and cybersecurity strategies across Europe by providing a set of guidelines and tools for policymakers and LEAs to help combat cybercriminality within their sphere of influence. The toolkit, therefore, will contribute to the consolidation of a European Security Model and the development of a common European cybersecurity approach.

The consortium partners will review existing national cybercriminality policies in eight European countries by analysing national cybercrime legislation and cybercrime policies together with further regulatory approaches such as cyberresilience and awareness campaigns. The analysis will focus on various aspects such as

  • assessing risks
  • threats and vulnerabilities
  • cost-benefit considerations
  • legal and ethical approaches

As part of the development of the policy toolkit, partners will also conduct a comparative gap analysis of the eight different jurisdictions to identify a set of good practices and provide insights on differences and similarities in policy approaches in various European countries. Trilateral leads the project partners in the review of the existing cybersecurity policy in the United Kingdom.

Good practices will cover a wide range of cybercrime-related areas, for instance, cyberstalking, cyberbullying and ransomware.

Target countries for the cybercriminality policy review include:

  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Romania
  • Sweden
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom

CC-DRIVER has adopted a co-design approach which ensures the integration of the end-user perspective into the development and validation of its results and tools such as the policy toolkit. The project, therefore, will directly engage policymakers and invite them to a workshop to review the cybercrime policy toolkit, share their feedback and discuss evidence about the most effective regulations in combating cybercrime.

Policy briefs

Trilateral also assists the production of guidance and recommendations on cybersecurity legislation and strategies as part of our work in CC-DRIVER. The project will produce various policy briefs to inform European policymakers about relevant project results and highlight recommendations on good practices for harmonising cybersecurity strategies. Policy brief examples include:

  • Survey of cybercrime-as-a-service
  • Drivers of cyber criminality
  • Review of existing cybersecurity policies in eight countries
  • Harmonised policy toolkit
CC Driver brochure
CC Driver brochure

If you would like to learn more about the CC-DRIVER project or if you are interested in our work on policy research and advice, please contact us.

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