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Forced labour refers to situations in which persons are coerced to work through the use of violence or intimidation, or by more subtle means such as accumulated debt, retention of identity papers or threats of denunciation to immigration authorities.

It is a common form of human trafficking in Europe, one which continues to require more research and analysis. Building on existing research on the working experiences of migrants we seek to, through qualitative research, better understand the story of the Polish migrant who is trafficked for the purpose of forced labour.


CAPE will support relevant national and local authorities in the Baltic Sea Region in combating and prosecuting cases of forced labour and labour exploitation as well as assisting victims of this form of human trafficking.

Our Role

Trilateral Research will conduct the country research in Poland, which will focus on the relationship between recruitment practices and labour exploitation and trafficking in human beings.

The project add to Trilateral’s other work in the space of human trafficking, including project Solebay (risk assessment on human trafficking in conflict), review of the UK’s National Referral Mechanism, TRACE (TRafficking As a Criminal Enterprise) and numerous publications.


In order to provide a better understanding of trafficking for labour exploitation, research will be carried out in three countries (Lithuania, Poland and Sweden) within the framework of the project. The three studies will focus on relevant issues related to labour exploitation in the respective country.


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“Competence building, Assistance provision and Prosecution of labour exploitation cases in the Baltic Sea Region (CAPE)” is coordinated by The Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) and funded by the Swedish Gender Equality Agency.

Learn more about our research in the field of

Law Enforcement and Community Safeguarding

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